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How Plant Fibre Turns into Short Chain Fatty Acids and How They Benefit You

August 10th, 2018

What Are Short-Chain Fatty Acids?

Short-chain fatty acids are produced from plant fibre when healthy bacteria in your gut digest the fibre. These short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) have less than 6 carbon atoms, and they are produced in your colon when healthy gut bacteria ferment plant fibre. These fatty acids (SCFAs) become the major energy supply for the cells that form the colon lining. They are of primary importance to maintaining good colon health, and they also often equal approximately 10 percent of your daily caloric requirements.

Short-chain fatty acids also play a part in the metabolism of many carbohydrates and fats in the body, and about 95 percent of the SCFAs in your system are acetate, propionate and butyrate. While the major function of propionate in the the body is generating glucose in your liver, acetate and butyrate combine with other fatty acids and cholesterol. The number of SCFAs located in your colon varies, depending on the amount of microorganisms that are also in your colon, the source of the food and the amount of time it requires for this food to progress through your digestive tract to arrive in the colon.

Natural Foods Rich in Short-Chain Fatty Acid Content

Foods with high counts of plant fibre like fruits, vegetables, legumes and whole grains promote the production of short-chain fatty acids in your colon. Some varieties of butter, cheese and cow’s milk may also supply small amounts of butyrate to the body. The amount and type of fibre that you include in your daily diet will directly affect the type of bacteria found throughout your gut and the SCFAs that are produced there.

By ingesting the following varieties of fibre on a regular schedule, you can help your colon generate more short-chain fatty acids for better colon health and functionality:

• Inulin. – You can supply your system with good amounts of inulin by eating artichokes, asparagus, wheat, rye, garlic, onions and leeks.

• Fructooligosaccharides (FOS). – By including such fruits and vegetables as bananas, asparagus, onions and garlic in your daily diet, you will help keep your digestive system supplied with healthy levels of FOS.

• Resistant Starch. – When you eat healthy amounts of grains, barley, rice, legumes, potatoes, beans and green bananas, you will be ingesting resistant starch, which is helpful in the colon’s production of SCFAs.

• Pectin. – Making carrots, oranges, apples and apricots part of your regular daily diet will help supply good amounts of pectin to your gut.

• Arabinoxylan. – Found predominantly in cereal grains like wheat bran, this type of fibre will also aid the healthy production of SCFAs in your digestive tract and especially in your colon when eaten regularly.

• Guar Gum. – This form of fibre is extracted from the legumes, guar beans, and can be used with many combinations of foods, while supplying healthy fibre to your digestive tract for the generation of more SCFAs.

Healthy Benefits Provided to Your Body by Short-Chain Fatty Acids

A steady supply of health-promoting, short-chain fatty acids in your body can result in important benefits for your system. High contents of nutritional SCFAs in your system can alleviate symptoms of or guard against the development of such health conditions as the following:

• Digestive Disorders. – Since butyrate has anti-inflammatory properties, it is helpful in treating the symptoms of inflammatory bowel diseases like Ulcerative Colitis and Crohn’s disease. These two forms of Inflammatory Bowel disease (IBD) both cause long-term inflammation of the bowels. Acetate supplements are also helpful in alleviating bowel inflammation and irritations. Some patients with Ulcerative Colitis are reported to have experienced less symptoms when ingesting 60 grams of oat bran daily, and patients with Crohn’s disease reported remarkable improvements when taking butyrate supplements on a daily schedule. There have even been reports of patients experiencing remission of Crohn’s disease symptoms when taking butyrate.

• Obesity. – Because the type and strength of microorganisms in your gut and entire digestive system can have strong effects on your body’s ability to absorb nutrients and produce energy, they can also affect weight gain and loss. Short-chain fatty acids can affect your system’s metabolic rates, burning fatter and enabling you to lose weight more easily. This reduces the amount of fat stored in your body and also decreases the number of free fatty acids in the blood. Regular doses of butyrate have been known to initiate weight loss, and acetate supplements can reduce the body’s fat storing rates and help reduce obesity.

• Heart Attacks and Heart Disease. – High fibre diets are often recommended for lessening the risk of heart disease and heart attacks. Clinicians also connect the healthy production of short-chain fatty acids in the colon due to increased consumption of plant fibre to lower risk of heart attacks. SCFAs are also reported to reduce high cholesterol levels when these fatty acids are present in healthy quantities in the gut. One viable theory for this effect of SCFAs on cholesterol reduction is that butyrate may interact with major genes that generate cholesterol, which may lower the rates of cholesterol production. Propionate and acetate are also thought to have the capacity to reduce cholesterol generation in the liver. These SCFAs are also thought to reduce inflammation that can lead to heart disease.

• Colon Cancer. –  Scientists know that butyrate can support good health of colon cells, preventing the development of tumors and even promoting destruction of any cancer cells that do grow in the colon. High fibre diets leading to SCFA production in the colon are definitely credited with reducing the risk of colon cancer development. However, a diet high in fibre without the presence in the colon of the bacteria, or microbiomes, to create butyrate will not protect against the onset of colon cancer.

• Diabetes. – Because some lab tests reveal a microorganism imbalance in diabetes patients, this may create deficiencies in the numbers of healthy bacteria in the colon. When patients adopt diets that are high in plant fibre, more butyrate can be produced to strengthen the colon’s wall tissues and improve functionality. Short-chain fatty acids can also raise rates of enzyme activity in the liver and in muscle tissue, which can improve blood sugar regulation. Acetate and propionate may also result in better blood sugar counts in diabetic patients, especially if they are insulin-resistant.

 

Effectiveness of Short-Chain Fatty Acids Taken as Dietary Supplements

Short-term fatty acid supplements are most often available in the form of butyric acid salts, commonly sold as potassium, sodium, calcium or magnesium butyrate and easily bought online or as over-the-counter products. However, because many of the contents of these supplements are absorbed in the small intestines, they will not provide any health benefits to the colon. For this reason, including more high-fibre plant foods in your daily diet is the better way to raise your bodily SCFA levels and support good colon health and activity.

Kapai Puku High-Fibre Dietary Foods Promote Greater Bodily SCFA Counts for Radiant Good Health

The Kapai Puku pure, natural, dietary food products are among the best sources of high-fibre foods on the consumer market today. By making the Kapai Puku No. 1 Gut Health formula a major part of your daily diet, you will benefit from improved digestion and greater energy supplies. If you have experienced any digestive tract problems such as diarrhea, constipation, bloating or irritable bowel, these issues will improve and may even subside completely.

Even symptoms of more serious digestive tract conditions like Crohn’s disease may be significantly lessened with use of this high-fibre foods formula. This specialized, pure formula of all-natural, plant-based ingredients will thoroughly cleanse and exfoliate your entire digestive tract with such empowering components as the prebiotic, Organic Chicory Root. This nutrient-packed root nurtures the good bacteria in your stomach and intestines while fortifying your body with many vitamins and minerals.

The high content of pure fibre in this nutrient-rich gut health formula, like the high fibre content in the ingredient of Organic Chicory Root, promotes the growth and activity of health-enhancing bacteria in your large intestines and colon like Lactobacillus, which is found in yogurt and other fermented foods. By nurturing such good bacteria in your colon, this pure plant fibre strenghtens the walls of the colon and enables better colon functionality while also promoting good activity of probiotics in your system. Other natural fibre-rich ingredients of this unique gut health formula from Kapai Puku include Buckwheat, Sunflower Kernels, Linseed, Sesame Seeds, Pumpkin Seeds, Millet Seeds, Chia Seeds, Poppyseeds and Natural Sundried Raisins (sulphate free).

You can be assured that, by including pure, natural, health-enhancing Kapai Puku food products in your daily diet, you will enable the good, active bacteria in your large intestines and colon to break down the fibre to form short-chain fatty acids that line the walls of your colon, promoting improved colon functions. At the same time, this increased intake, digestion and absorption of rich fibre content can alleviate and even eliminate some symptoms of many common health conditions of the intestinal tract like constipation, diarrhea, cramping and irritations of the lining of the intestines.

Even more serious, chronic conditions like Irritable Bowel Syndrome and Crohn’s disease often show remarkable improvement with greater amounts of pure plant fibre in daily diets. When you and other members of your household include the Kapai Puku No. 1 Gut Health formula in your diet every day, you will gain relief from any occasional, minor or more serious health issues of the digestive tract. In addition, you will enjoy greater levels of energy and vitality as well as improved mental alertness and focus. Contact our pure foods experts today at KapaiPuku.com for any questions you may have about our outstanding, health-promoting natural foods products for improved health, a better lifestyle and longevity.  

Reference Sources: 

https://kapaipuku.com/about-us/about-kapai-puku/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3735932/
https://clinicalnutritionespen.com/article/S1751-4991(08)00074-7/fulltext
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/09/150929070122.htm
http://www.gutmicrobiotaforhealth.com/en/high-fibre-diet-may-promote-specific-short-chain-fatty-acid-producers-achieve-better-metabolic-control-type-2-diabetes/
https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/why-is-fiber-good-for-you#section1
http://science.sciencemag.org/content/359/6380/1151
https://journals.plos.org/plosbiology/article?id=10.1371/journal.pbio.1001227
https://kapaipuku.com/shop/index.php?route=product/product&path=59_60&product_id=73

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